Cissus is the most comprehensive genus in the Vitaceae family, as well as one of the most popular. One of these is Cissus tuberosa, a little-known yet intriguing plant (SISS-us too-ber-OH-suh).
Most people know this Mexican perennial by the scientific name Cissus tuberosa or its old name, Vitus tuberosa.
Nonetheless, this plant was named Cissus tiliacea for the first time in 1821 because of botanical naming criteria, the approved scientific title is always the one used in the first revealed description. As a result, if you search for this plant on botanical websites, you’re likely to find it in both ways.
Dimension and Development of Cissus Tuberosa Care
Surprisingly, the plant’s distinguishing appearance in nature isn’t always the same as what you’ll receive domestically.
The plant has been tailored to hilly terrain. Its natural environment develops a horizontal caudex up to 10′′ in diameter, with deciduous vines up to 5 yards long. Domestically, a trellis or other support can be used to prepare the plant to grow vertically. The caudex is a mottled and grey bearing junction that generates the annual vines. It develops twisted and irregularly, with swelling at the nodes. This feature gives it a distinct appearance even when growing vertically. Nonetheless, these nodes are crucial to this plant’s invasiveness. Because the annual vines die back to the caudex in the winter, any nodes that are close enough to the soil to make contact will take root and produce fresh harvests. Tendrils grow alongside the palmate inexperienced leaves, assisting the plant to grip and ascend for maximum mild publicity.
Perfume and Flowering
While this plant is capable of flowering, the little inexperienced to yellow blooms are simply ignored. Fertilized flowers may yield little fruit clusters that mature to a purplish-black color. Even having a beautiful sheen like grapes, these berries aren’t edible.
Temperature and Gentle
This cissus plant may even survive in partial shade. For the best results, place this plant in a sunny southern window indoors. The plant is hardy in USDA zones 8b to 11, but will withstand zone 12. You may even grow it outside in chilly areas if you bring it in before the temperature goes too low.
- Tuberosa can withstand high temperatures but is only weakly frost-tolerant.
- Perfect lows range from 40° to 50° Fahrenheit, while they may withstand brief dives as low as 30° Fahrenheit.
- Frost damage will occur to the plant’s tuber at 28° Fahrenheit.
Feeding and watering
The caudex is an above-ground water storage structure. It allows this plant to survive drought conditions. However, you should water it when the soil feels dry about halfway down a container or 3′′ to 4′′ inches deep in the garden. In the fall, when the plant dies again for the winter. Your tuberosa doesn’t need much encouragement to grow. However, it would benefit from a monthly dosage of liquid houseplant fertilizer throughout the spring and summer. Continue with a low-nitrogen formulation, as the primary goal of this nutrient is stem and leaf development.
Transplanting and Soil
Tuberosa may grow in any rich, well-draining soil.
For backyard planting, mix in some well-decomposed manure or natural compost, as well as perlite or vermiculite.
Any nice cactus mix will suffice as a container. Alternatively, utilize a richer combination comparable to one for African violets. Keep in mind that the richer the soil, the faster your plant will grow, so choose your mix with this in mind. There is no information on growing this plant in pots, although the growth rate implies that yearly repotting is recommended. This is especially true if you notice roots poking through drainage holes or the soil bottom. If you live in a colder climate, consider transplanting to pots in the autumn. If you do this, make certain to harden the plant in the spring before replanting.
Grooming and Maintenance
Prune the stems periodically, since the plant may quickly grow out of control.
This treatment slows caudex development. If you want a larger caudex, you’ll have to let it go a few years before the initial trimming.
Cissus Tiliacea Propagation Method
Cultivation from seed is possible, though difficult. Growers believe the seeds are only viable if fertilized by another plant. Nonetheless, the plant frequently self-produces by air layering. Furthermore, stem cuttings have proven to be equally viable.
Cissus Tuberosa Pests and Diseases
- This cissus plant has a low cold tolerance but may be damaged if left out for an extended period of time.
- It is drought-tolerant, and the annual vines may die again to allow the caudex to conserve water.
- If not properly maintained, this plant can become quite invasive. Nonetheless, it is not limited in the United States.
- Aphids, greenflies, mealybugs, scale, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies are common pests.
- Rot, along with coronary heart rot, root rot, and stem rot, is the most common sickness risk.
- Botrytis blight and southern blight might potentially be problems.
Although Cissus crops are non-toxic to humans, dogs, and cattle, the sap may cause pores and skin irritation in certain people.
Expect this plant to be a talking point amongst guests, both good and bad.
Those seeking homogeneity or attractive blossoms were not drawn to the unusual shape.
However, it is beneficial to many people who have a special interest.
The ability to guide it towards vertical development is useful for indoor growing. It also decreases the likelihood of it taking up outdoor gardens. With its palmate leaf, Tiliacea can supply a variety of vining crops as well as some welcome rivals. There is evidence that this plant was formerly popular but has now faded into oblivion. It’s just recently that it’s gaining traction once more.