The Anthuriums are the largest genus in the Araceae family, hailing from the rainforests of South and Central America, with a range ranging from Mexico to Argentina and the Caribbean (an-THUR-ee-um).
These tropical perennials are known by a variety of names, including:
- The Flamingo Flower
- Flamingo Lily
- Painted Tongue
- Plant Spathe Flower
- Tail Flower
They are, however, commonly known as anthuriums.
These plants have gained popularity not just for their great diversity and tropical atmosphere, but also for their strangeness.
Many Anthurium types, it turns out, love life as an indoor plant and is significantly simpler to care for when potted than when planted outdoors!
Even worse, this tropical plant is prized for its blossoms, despite the fact that most people never see the flowers.
This is due to the plant’s heart-shaped leaves, which resemble blossoms while protecting the real blooms. If you’ve ever wanted to add an exotic, tropical vibe to your house, anthuriums are a great choice.
Because there are over 1,000 anthurium species and cultivars, the following advice will address general care for the genus. Adjust as required, and contact your local garden shop, nursery, or distributor if your plant has any special requirements or characteristics.
Size and Growth of Potted Anthurium Flowers
Anthuriums are often shorter, standing 2′ to 3′ tall and 1′ to 2′ broad. However, because these plants are climbers, they may reach heights of 12 to 15 feet when their aerial roots are well supported.
It grows all year, although a short resting period of around 6 weeks in winter encourages stronger development for the following growing season. The majority of the leaves on these plants are glossy green and arranged in an alternating pattern along the stems.
Other leaves form a spathe and, due to their modified heart shape and colorful look, are often mistaken for flowers. These are brilliant red on Anthurium andraeanum and Anthurium scherzerianum, while other species have a variety of hues.
Fragrance and Flowering
As previously stated, the spathe is frequently mistaken for a flower on these plants.
It can be a variety of hues, including burgundy, gold, green, lavender, orange, purple, red, yellow, white, or variegated, with cultivars further increasing the palette. The actual blooms are modest and easily overlooked since the spathe often conceals the spadix.
Blooming for this plant can vary greatly depending on climatic circumstances, although it has the ability to continue the entire year in three-month cycles. Fertilized blossoms give place to tiny, globulous berries that contain two seeds on average.
Temperature and light
Anthuriums, as climbers, are sensitive to direct sun and may burn if exposed for too long on a hot day. Instead, set them in a bright window that receives strong, indirect light or full sun only in the morning.
Avoid excessive shadow, which can delay spathe and spadix growth, diminish blooming, and dull the spathe leaves. Your flamingo flower enjoys greater humidity levels and will thrive in the kitchen or bathroom.
If the humidity level falls below 50%, you can supplement it with a pebble tray or a humidifier. Aim for a daytime temperature of 70° to 85° Fahrenheit and an evening temperature that is 10° Fahrenheit colder.
The plant can withstand temperatures ranging from 45° to 90° Fahrenheit, but will become dormant if temperatures fall below 50° Fahrenheit.
Feeding and watering
Most anthuriums require wet soil, although overwatering can cause root rot. As a result, the soak-and-dry procedure works well.
To begin, poke your finger into the soil to check for wetness. It’s time to water when the soil is dry 1 to 2 inches down (depending on the species).
Pour rainfall or distilled water slowly over the soil until it seeps through the drainage holes. During the growth season, apply a monthly 14 strength balanced liquid fertilizer to the plant.
Soil and Planting
Anthurium plants prefer loamy, well-draining soil. No wet dirt! A mixture of equal parts orchid potting mix and perlite is a simple and efficient solution for your pots. Repot Anthuriums once a year in the spring if the plant appears to be root-bound. You may either repot it in a larger pot (about 1′′ inch wider in diameter) or divide the plant at this point.
Maintenance And Grooming
Anthuriums benefit from occasional pruning, but it is not required.
Working from the top down using sterile shears, prune away damaged or diseased leaves as you go, then deadhead wasted blooms at the base of their stems.
Remove any suckers that are growing before they become too large.
Anthurium Tallflower Propagation
- This plant is quite easy to propagate, and numerous techniques are available.
- The most common ways are stem cuttings and division.
- However, you can propagate root-bound plants by removing the aerial roots.
- Finally, seeds are another option, but they may not be viable for some cultivars.
Pests and Diseases of Laceleaf
- Mealybugs, scale, spider mites, and whiteflies are among the frequent pests that attack anthuriums.
- The greatest hazard to these plants is root rot, but they can also develop blight – fungal-based types of root rot and leaf spot.
- Anthuriums are members of the arum family, which means they contain a lot of calcium oxalate crystals.
- Ingestion of these crystals might result in kidney stones, oral irritation, indigestion, and other symptoms.
As a result, they are hazardous to both people and animals.
Because contact dermatitis (such as rashes) is prevalent in sensitive people, using gloves when handling these plants is recommended.
- Because of their long-lasting flowers, these plants are ideal for centerpieces, tables, and other displays.
- Complement them with colorful containers.
- They are also classified as a clean air facility.